Airtel and Jio rely heavily on 2300 MHz band for data usage: Tutela

Airtel and Jio rely heavily on 2300 MHz band for data usage: Tutela

Independent crowdsourcing data company Tutela has come out with its India State of Mobile Experience – March 2021 analyzing the mobile network experience across India. Tutela analyzed over 31 million speed and latency tests taken from real-world smartphone users collected between August 1, 2020, and January 31, 2021.

We take a look at mobile data volume by LTE band nationwide provided by Tutela. The report is similar to India State of Mobile Networks – March 2020 by Tutela which had a similar analysis based on measurements collected between August 1st, 2019 and January 31st, 2020.

LTE spectrum usage in India currently relies on a mix of frequency bands ranging from 850 MHz to 2300 MHz with telecom operators having a different approach depending on their spectrum holdings.

Mobile Data Volume by LTE Band Nationwide

Mobile Data Volume by LTE Band Nationwide

Source: Tutela

Tutela notes that leading telecom operators Airtel and Jio rely heavily on the 2300 MHz band for data usage. Airtel and Jio allocated 48.9% and 67.3% of their data usage to this frequency band respectively as per Tutela between August 2020 and January 2021 whereas the same was pegged at 54% and 63.3% respectively between August 2019 and January 2020 by Tutela.

Vodafone Idea (Vi) meanwhile uses very little of 2300 MHz band for its LTE data usage instead depending on a split of 2100 MHz and 2500 MHz for much of its high-band usage.

BSNL meanwhile is completely dependent on the 2100 MHz band for its LTE data traffic. Airtel and Vodafone Idea have 16.7% and 18.1% of their 4G data traffic transceived on this frequency band.

Vodafone Idea (Vi) has the largest frequency of its LTE traffic go over mid-band using 1800 MHz as the primary band for 51.7% of its LTE data usage with Airtel and Jio having 30.1% and 15.4% of their data usage over this spectrum band.

Tutela notes that sub-GHz bands are used by Jio to carry a significant amount of 4G data traffic with 17.3% of data traffic using 850 MHz as the primary band. Airtel and Vodafone Idea use sub-GHz bands at less than half the rate of Jio notes Tutela.

3G and 4G usage in India

3G and 4G usage in India

Source: Tutela

Tutela’s report on technology usage further notes that majority of subscribers in India spend a higher percentage of time connected to 4G for all operators but BSNL. Jio outperformed others with its users connected to 4G 99.5% of the time, only falling back on 3G in rare consequences. Airtel was a close second with 95.4% users spending time on a 4G connection.

BSNL users just spent 15.2% time on a 4G network with BSNL continuing to rely on 3G for its user base. Vodafone Idea had 78.8% users spend time on a 4G connection with 21.2% users spending time on a 3G connection.

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Independent crowdsourcing data company Tutela has come out with its India State of Mobile Experience – March 2021 analyzing the mobile network experience across India. Tutela analyzed over 31 million speed and latency tests taken from real-world...

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