BBNL to be merged with BSNL this fiscal, merger subject to cabinet approval

With the merger of BBNL and BSNL, the USO Fund which currently stands at close to Rs 60,000 crore is likely to go to BSNL and help the state-run telco come out of its cash crunch.

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In a move to consolidate all its telecom operations under one umbrella, the government is likely to merge the operations and assets of Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) with Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), sources in the know of the development told The Sunday Express. The scheduled merger is likely to be completed by March 31 this year. A Cabinet note on the proposed merger is being prepared and it is likely to be placed before the Cabinet for its approval soon, the sources said.

In response to queries seeking details of the merger, Department of Telecommunications (DoT) Secretary K Rajaraman said there was “no such decision as of now”, while a spokesperson for BBNL said the organisation was “not aware of any such development and therefore would not like to comment” on the issue. Emails to Chairman and Managing Director of BSNL did not elicit any response.

BBNL, a special purpose vehicle (SPV) of the Ministry of Communications, was incorporated in 2012 as public sector unit. It was handed over the task of implementing the BharatNet project, which was till then known as National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN). The SPV is funded by from the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF), which is raised from a Universal Access Levy (UAL) applicable to all telecom licence holders. It came into effect from April 1, 2002 and mandated that all telecom service providers must pay a percentage of their revenue into the USOF funds.

Of the 8 per cent adjusted gross revenue, 5 per cent goes into the USOF, while the rest goes into the central exchequer. With the merger of BBNL and BSNL, this fund which currently stands at close to Rs 60,000 crore is likely to go to BSNL and help the state-run telco come out of its cash crunch.

Sources also said the pending work on BharatNet, which aims to connect all the six lakh villages in the country with high-speed internet, will now be completed by BSNL by creating a separate division inside the state-run telco. The initial aim of BharatNet, which was started as NOFN, was to connect 2.5 lakh gram panchayats (GPs) with high speed broadband internet by 2014. The initial phase one was supposed to connect 1.5 lakh GPs, while phase two was supposed to connect the remaining 1 lakh GPs. In 2020, the scope of the scheme was expanded when Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on August 15 that over the next 1,000 days, BharatNet would connect all six lakh villages through high-speed internet.

Earlier in June 2021, the DoT had decided to change the implementation model of BharatNet by taking the public-private-partnership (PPP) route. As part of the revised plan under the PPP model, a concessionaire will be selected through a competitive international bidding process and will be responsible for creation, upgradation, operation, maintenance and utilisation of BharatNet. The revised strategy will be followed in 16 states for now.

The implementation of BharatNet under the PPP model is estimated to cost Rs 29,432 crore, of which the government will spend Rs 19,041 crore as viability gap funding. The PPP model will initially be launched in Kerala, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh.

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Avatar of Esmail Beguwala
Esmail Beguwala


Esmail is passionate about the Telecom spectrum, Broadband data services, and video streaming devices. You can find him binge-watching shows on OTT apps while sipping a cup of coffee when not writing an article.

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With the merger of BBNL and BSNL, the USO Fund which currently stands at close to Rs 60,000 crore is likely to go to BSNL and help the state-run telco come out of its cash crunch.

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    • BBNL basically has the huge cash reserve that the private operators have paid as a percentage of their AGR to the universal service obligation fund (USOF) which is intended to be used for reaching broadband connectivity to remote villages across the country.
      But now if this merger happens, BSNL can just use all that money to make itself profitable and for setting up it’s own 4G infrastructure and paying the salary of the employees. And as a side effect, the broadband connectivity for rural areas will be sidelined and BSNL will just set up a namesake wing which is supposed to do that but nothing will actually happen. So in short BSNL will get a cash infusion at the cost of Jio Airtel and Vi.

    • Have you tracked the progress of 2019 revival package given to bsnl ? BTW i sounds funny that BSNL will be indirectly benifitted from private Operators. Can’t private operators oppose against this ?

    • DoT says BSNL is in much better shape after the revival package.
      Private operators could take legal recourse but then again that would mean upsetting DoT which may just punish them by some new regulations.

    • BSNL is maintaining Rural Exchanges and Mobile Towers in Rural India though there is no revenue. This must be compensated. BSNL also has paid 2G/3G spectrum charges like other Telecom operators.

    • Major portion of execution of NOFN project was executed by BSNL. The main feeding OF Cable to all the GPs is the existing BSNL Cable. Major OLTs are housed in BSNL Exchanges and Infra is provided by BSNL. Now the maintanacne of the OF Network by the vendors is very poor. So the maintanace part will improve.

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