scintifical names4 plants

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Scientific Name of Plants

Ornamental Perennials

The following is a list of the common plant names cross referenced to the scientific name of plants. The list represents some of the most popular varieties of perennial plants.




The scientific names of plants is based on taxonomy, the science of plant classification. Each name has two parts, the genus and the specie. This is referred to as the binomial (two names)system founded by Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist. Some species will have a third name, called the subspecies, variety, or form.

You can think of taxonomy as the plant directory of all species. The plant kingdom has over 350,000 species, thus the necessity of an ordered classification system.

Adder’s Tongue – Erythronium
Ageratum, Hardy – Conoclinium
Alexander – Angelica atropurpurea
Alkanet – Anchusa
Allegheny Spurge – Pachysandra procumbens
Alpine Violet – Cyclamen hederifolium
Alumroot – Heuchera
American Dream – Coreopsis rosea
American Feverfew – Parthenium integrifolium
American Pokeweed – Phytolocca a. ‘Melody’
American Spikenard – Aralia racemosa
Anchusa myosotidiflora – Brunnera macrophylla
Anise Mint – Agastache
Apache Plume – Fallugia paradoxa
Apple Blossom Grass – Gaura
Artic Willow – Salix arctica
Arrow Broom – Genista sagittalis
Avens – Geum
Aztec Indian Berry – Duchesnea
Baby White Swan – Echinacea ‘Cygnet White’
Baby’s Breath – Gypsophila
Bachelor Button – Centaurea
Ball Cactus – Coryphantha vivipara
Balloon Flower – Platycodon
Baneberry – Actaea
Barren Strawberry – Waldsteinia
Basket of Gold – Aurinia
Beardtongue – Penstemon
Bear’s Breech – Acanthus
Beautyberry – Callicarpa
Bee Balm – Monarda
Bellflower – Campanula
Bellwort – Uvularia
Betony – Stachys
Big Ears – Stachys b. ‘Helene von Stein’
Birch Double – Geranium h. ‘Plenum’
Bird-foot Violet – Viola pedata
Bird’s Foot Trefoil – Lotus corniculatus
Birthwort – Aristolochia
Bishop’s Weed – Aegopodium
Bitter Root – Lewisia
Blackberry Lily – Belamcanda
Black Cohosh – Actaea
Black-Eyed Susan – Rudbeckia
Black Mondo Grass – Ophiopogon p. ‘Niger’
Bladder Pod – Alyssoides
Blanket Flower – Gaillardia
Blazing Star – Liatris
Bleeding Heart – Dicentra
Bloodroot – Sanguinaria
Bloody Crane’s Bill – Geranium sanguineum
Blue Cohosh – Caulophyllum
Blue Indigo – Baptisia australis
Blue Mist Spirea – Caryopteris
Blue Pickerel Plant – Pontederia cordata
Bluebell – Mertensia
Bluestar – Amsonia
Boston Ivy – Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Bouncing Bet – Saponaria officinalis
Bowman’s Root – Gillenia
Boxwood – Buxus Bright Star – Echinacea ‘Leuchstern’
Broom – Genista
Bugleweed – Ajuga
Bugloss – Anchusa
Burnet, Giant – Sanguisorba tenuifolia
Bush Clover – Lespedeza
Bush Morning-glory – Ipomoea leptophylla
Bush Palmeto – Sabal minor
Bush Pea – Thermopsis
Butter Bur – Petasites japonicus
Buttercup – Ranunculus
Butterfly Bush – Buddleja, Clerodendron ugadensis
Butterfly Milkweed – Asclepias
Button Bush, Button Willow – Cephalanthus occidentalis
Button Snakeroot – Liatris p. ‘Eureka’
California Fuchsia – Zauschneria garrettii
Campion – Lychnis, Silene
Canadian Milkvetch – Astragalus Canadensis
Candylily – Pardancanda
Candytuft – Iberis
Canterbury Bells – Campanula
Cardinal Flower – Lobelia
Cardoon – Cynara
Carnation – Dianthus
Carolina Moonseed – Cocculus carolinus
Carpenter Plant – Silphium perfoliatum
Catchfly – Lychnis, Silene
Catmint – Nepeta
Celandine – Chelidonium, Stylophorum
Chamomile – Matricaria recutita
Chamomile, False – Chamaemelum
Checkerbloom – Sidalcea
Cheddar Pink – Dianthus gratianopolitanus
Chinese Foxglove – Rehmannia
Chinese Lantern – Physalis
Chinese Yam – Dioscorea batatas
Chocolate Flower – Berlandiera
Chocolate Vine – Akebia
Cinnamon Vine – Dioscorea batatas
Cinquefoil – Potentilla
Clove pink – Dianthus gratianopolitanus
Clover – Trifolium
Cohosh – Cimicifuga, Actaea
Colorado Rubber Plant – Hymenoxys r. var. richardsonii
Columbine – Aquilegia
Compass Plant – Silphium lacinatum
Comfrey – Symphytum
Coneflower – Echinacea, Rudbeckia
Coral Beads – Cocculus carolinus
Coral Bells – Heuchera
Cowslip – Caltha
Crane’s Bill – Geranium
Creeping Phlox – Phlox subulata
Crimson Glory Vine – Vitis coignetiae
Cross Vine – Bignonia capreolata
Crowsfoot – Ranunculus
Crown of Snow – Campanula g. ‘Schneekrone’
Crownvetch – Coronilla
Culver’s Physic – Veronicastrum
Cup and Saucer – Campanula med. ‘Calycanthema’
Cup Plant – Silphium perfoliatum
Cupid’s Dart – Catananche
Curly Onion – Allium s. s. glaucum
Daisy, Mt. Atlas – Anacyclus pyrethrum var. depressus
Daisy, Ox-Eye – Leucanthemum vulgare
Daisy, Shasta – Leucanthemum
Dame’s Rocket – Hesperis
Daylily – Hemerocallis
Dead Nettle – Lamium
Dense Gentian – Liatris microcephala
Devil’s Paintbrush – Hieracum aurantiacum
Dittany of Crete – Origanum calcarticum
Dog-toothed Violet – Erythronium
Doll’s Eyes – Actaea
Dong dang gui – Angelica acutiloba
Double Bird’s Foot Trefoil – Lotus coniculatus
Double Bubble Mint – Agastache cana
Double Gloriosa – Rudbeckia h. ‘Tetraploid’
Double Robin White Breast – Silene ‘Swan Lake’
Dragonhead – Dracocephalum
Drumstick Primrose – Primula denticulate
Dunce Caps – Orostachys
Dusty Miller (Hardy) – Artemisia stelleriana
Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia
Dwarf Blue Rabbitbrush – Ericameria nauseosus
Dwarf Golden – Linum
Dwarf Palmetto – Sabal minor
Dwarf Red – Helenium x ‘Rubinzwerg’
Edelweiss – Leontopdium
Elder – Sambucus
Englemann Daisy – Englemannia pinnatifida
English Daisy – Bellis
European Elder – Sambucus
Evening Primrose – Oenothera
Evergreen Bittersweet – Euonymus f. ‘Vegeta’
Everlasting – Anaphalis
Faassen’s Catnip – Nepeta faassenii (x)
Fairy Candles – Actaea
Fairy Lily – Zephyranthes drummondii
False Dragonhead – Physostegia
False Indigo – Baptisia, Amorpha fruticosa, A. nana
False Lupine – Thermopsis
False Mallow – Sidalcea, Sphaeraicea
False Miterwort – Tiarella
False Salvia – Lamium m. ‘Chequers’
False Solomon’s Seal – Smilacena racemosa
False Strawberry – Duchesnea
Fern-leaf – Coreopsis verticillata
Feverfew – Tanacetum p. ‘Tetra White Wonder’
Fireball – Geum chiloense ‘Mrs. Bradshaw’
Firecracker – Penstemon
Fire Pink – Silene virginica
Five Finger – Potentilla
Five-leaf Aralia – Eleutherococcus
Flag – Iris
Flax – Linum
Fleabane – Erigeron
Fleece Flower – Fallopia
Fleur-De-Lis – Iris
Foamflower – Tiarella
Forget-Me-Not – Myosotis
Four-winged Saltbush – Atriplex canescens
Foxglove – Digitalis
Fraxinella – Dictamnus albus
Fremont’s Crowfoot – Clematis fremontii
French Honeysuckle – Hedysarum
Fringed Finger Poppy Mallow – Callirhoe digitata
Fringed Sage – Artemisia frigida
Funkia – Hosta
Garden Heliotrope – Valeriana officinalis
Garden Phlox – Phlox paniculata
Garden Sorrel – Rumex
Gas Plant – Dictamnus
Gayfeather – Liatris
Gentian – Gentiana
German Garlic – Allium senescens subsp. M.
German Statice – Goniolimon tataricum
Germander – Teucrium
Giant Flowered Salvia – Salvia pachyphylla
Gilia – Ipomopsis
Ginger – Asarum
Globeflower – Trollius
Globemallow – Sphaeralcea
Globe Thistle - Echinops
Gloriosa Daisy – Rudbeckia
Goatsbeard – Aruncus
Gold Crown – Hosta f. ‘Aureomarginata’
Gold Dust – Aurinia
Gold Net – Lonicera
Goldball – Geum chiloense ‘Lady Stratheden’
Golden Alexander – Zizia aurea
Golden Bells – Clematis tangutica
Golden Poppy – Stylophorum
Goldenrod – Solidago
Golden Star – Chrysogonum
Golden Strawbwrry – Waldsteinia geoides
Gooseberry Leafed Globemallow – Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia
Gooseneck Loosestrife – Lysimachia clethroides
Goutweed – Aegopodium
Grape – Vitis
Great Merrybells – Uvularia grandiflora
Greater Celandine – Chelidonium majus
Green-and-Gold – Chrysogonum
Greenthreads – Thelosperma trifidum
Greek Valerian – Polemonium
Ground Elder – Aegopodium
Ground Plum – Astragulus
Groundsel, Prairie – Senecio plattenensis
Gumbo Lily – Oenothera caespitosa
Hall’s Honeysuckle – Lonicera halliana
Harebell – Campanula
Hawkweed – Hieracum
Heartleaf Alexanders – Zizia aptera
Helen’s Flower – Helenium
Heliotrope – Valeriana
Helmet Flower – Scutellaria
Hen and Chicks – Sempervivum
Heron’s-bill – Erodium
Hibiscus, Russian – Kitaibela
Hoary Scullcap – Scutellaria incana
Hollyhock – Alcea
Honey Bells – Cephalanthus occidentalis
Honeysuckle – Lonicera
Hopflower Oregano – Origanmum libanoticum
Hops – Humulus
Horehound – Marrubium
Horsemint – Monarda
Hummingbird – Agastache cana
Hyssop – Agastache
Hyssop Scullcap – Scutellaria incana
Ice Plant, Hardy – Delosperma, Ruschia
Indian Physic – Gillenia
Indian Strawberry – Duchesnea
Indian Turnip – Arisaema triphyllum
Indigo – Indigofera pseudotinctoria
Irish Moss – Minuartia verna
Ironweed – Vernonia fasciculate
Italian Bugloss – Anchusa
Ivy – Hedera
Jack-In-The-Pulpit – Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob’s Ladder – Polemonium
Japanese Parsley – Cryptotaenia j. ‘Atropurpurea’
Joe-Pye Weed – Eupatorium purpureum
Joint Fir – Ephedra
Kalimeris mongolica – Asteromoea mongolica
Kalm St.-John’s-Wort – Hypericum Kalmianum
Knapweed – Centaurea dealbata
Korean Boxwood – Buxus sinica var. insularis
Lacy Veil – Asparagus officinalis var. pseudoscaber
Ladies’ Tresses – Spiranthes
Lady’s Leek – Allium cernuum
Lady’s Mantle – Alchemilla
Ladybells – Adenophora
Lamb’s Ear – Stachys
Lantern Plant – Physalis
Lavender Cotton – Santolina
Lavender Monkey Flower – Mimulus rigens
Lead Plant – Amorpha
Leadwort – Ceratostigma
Lemon Lace Vine – Fallopia
Lemon Lily – Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus
Lenten Rose – Helleborus orientalis
Leopard Plant – Farfugium, Ligularia
Leopard’s Bane – Doronicum
Lily – Lilium
Lily-Of-The-Valley – Convallaria
Lilyturf – Liriope, Ophiopogon
Little Pickles – Othonna capensis
Littleleaf Mock Orange – Philadelphus microphyllus
Liverleaf – Hepatica
Lizard Tail – Saururus cernuus
Locoweed, Lambert’s – Oxytropis lambertii
Loosestrife – Lysimachia
Low’s Japanese Creeper – Parthenocissus t. ‘Lowii’
Lungwort – Pulmonaria, Mertensia
Lupine – Lupinus
Magnolia Vine – Schisandra
Mahogany Plant – Sedum telephium ‘Atropurpureum’
Maidenhair Tree – Ginkgo biloba
Mallow – Hibiscus,
Malva, Sphaeralcea
Maltese Cross – Lychnis
Man of the Earth – Ipomoea leptophylla
Marsh Marigold – Caltha
Martha Washington’s Plume – Filipendula r. ‘Venusta’
Masterwort – Angelica atropurpureum
Matricaria – Tanacetum
Mayapple – Podophyllum
Meadow Parsley – Zizia aptera
Meadow Rue – Thalictrum
Meadowsweet – Filipendula
Mexican Hat – Ratibida columnifera ‘Red”
Mile-A-Minute – Fallopia aubertii
Milfoil – Achillea
Milkvetch – Astragalus
Milkweed – Asclepias
Mint Shrub – Elcholtzia stauntonii
Miniature Hen and Chicks – Jovibarba hirta subsp. Arenaria
Missouri Primrose – Oenothera macrocarpa
Mist Flower – Conoclinium, Eupatorium
Mock Orange – Philadelphus
Mondo Grass – Ophiopogon
Moneywort – Lysimachia nummularia
Monkey Flower – Mimulus ringens
Monkshood – Aconitum
Monk’s Hood Vine – Ampelopsis
Moon Carrot – Seseli gummiferum
Moss Campion – Silene schafta
Mother of Thyme – Thymus serpyllum
Mountain Bluet – Centaurea Montana
Mountain Fringe – Adlumia fungosa
Mountain Gold – Alyssum m. ‘Berggold’
Mountain Lady’s Mantle – Alchemilla alpine
Mountain Mint – Pycnanthemum
Mt. Atlas Daisy – Anacyclus
Mullein – Verbascum
Myrtle – Vinca
Naples Onion – Allium neapolitanum
Nettle – Solanum
New Jersey Tea – Ceanothus americanus
Nightshade – Salanum N
ordic Dragonhead – Dracocephalum ruyschiana
Northern Crepe Myrtle – Heptacodium
Obedience Plant – Physostegia
October Daphne – Sedum sieboldii
Of The Rocks – Erigeron scopalinus
Old Fashioned Bleeding Heart – Dicentra spectabilis
Old Man of the Mountain – Hymenoxys grandiflora
Old Man of the Prairie – Ipomoea leptophylla
Old Woman – Artemisia stelleriana
Onion – Allium
Orris Root – Iris pallida
Ostrich Plume – Astilbe t. ‘Straussenfeder’
Our Lady’s Bedstraw – Galium verum
Ox-Eye Daisy – Leucanthemum vulgare
Pansy – Viola
Pasque Flower – Pulsatilla
Peach-Bells – Campanula persicifolia
Pearlwort – Sagina
Pearly Everlasting – Ansphalis margaritacea
Pennywort – Hydrocotyle
Peony – Paeonia
Periwinkle – Vinca
Persian Stonecrest – Aethionema g. Pulchella Group
Persian Violet – Cyclamen herderifolium
Pie Plant – Rheum
Pincushion Cactus – Coryphantha vivipara
Pincushion Flower – Scabiosa
Pink Fleece Flower – Fallopia japonica ‘Reynoutria’
Pink Prairie Onion – Allium stellatum
Pinks – Dianthus
Plumbago – Ceratostigma
Plume Poppy – Macleaya
Poker Plant – Kniphofia
Poppy – Papaver
Poppy Mallow – Callirhoe
Porcelain Vine – Ampelopsis brevipedunculata ‘Elegans’
Prairie Baptisia – Baptisia lacteal
Prairie Clover – Dalea
Prairie Coneflower – Ratibida
Prairie Mallow – Sphaeralcea
Prairie Smoke – Geum triflorum
Prairie Spiderwort – Tradescantia bracteata
Primrose – Primula, Oenothera
Prince’s Plume – Stanleya pinnata
Purple Coneflower – Echinacea
Purple-leaf Wintercreeper – Euonymus f. ‘Coloratus’
Purple Leaf Japanese Parsley – Cryptotaenia j. ‘Atropurpurea’
Purple Rockcress – Aubrieta ‘Leichtlinii’
Quarter Vine – Bignonia capreolata
Queen Anne’s Lace – Daucus carota var. carota
Queen of the Meadow – Filipendula ulmaria
Rainbow – Scutellaria a. Arcobaleno
Rain Lily – Zephyranthes drummondii
Rattlesnake Master – Eryngium yuccifolium
Red False Mallow – Sphaeralcea coccinea
Red Hot Poker – Kniphofia
Red Puccoon – Sanguinaria
Red Valerian – Centranthus
Rhubarb – Rheum
Riddell’s Goldenrod – Solidago riddellii
Robin White Breast – Silene maritime
Rock Cress – Arabis
Rock Garden Statice – Limonium minutum
Rockfoil – Saxifraga
Rock Rose – Helianthemum, Talinum
Rose of Sharon – Hypericum calycinum
Rose of the Rockery – Geum coccineum
Rose Mallow – Hibiscus
Rose Sage – Salvia pachyphylla
Rue – Ruta
Rue Anemone – Anemonella thalictroides
Rupturewort – Herniaria
Russian Hibiscus – Kitaibela
Russian Sage – Perovskia
Sage – Salvia
Sandwort – Arenaria
Scarlet Rocket – Ipomopsis
Scotch Bluebells – Campanula rotundifolia
Sea Holly – Eryngium
Sea Lavender – Limonium
Sea Pink – Armeria
Seaside Daisy – Erigeron
Self Heal – Prunella
Seven Son Flower – Heptacodium
Shasta Daisy – Leucanthemum
Shining Bluestar – Amsonia illustris
Shooting Star – Dodecatheon
Shrub Ice Plant – Ruschia pulvinaris
Silkweed – Asclepias
Silver Butterfly Bush – Buddleja a. ‘Argentea’
Silver Lace Vine – Fallopia aubertii
Silvervein Creeper – Parthenocissus henryana
Silvervine – Actinidia polygama
Silver-leafed Nettle – Solanum eleagnifolium
Skull Cap – Scutellaria
Smoke Bush – Cotinus coggygria
Snail-seed – Cocculus carolinus
Snakehead – Chelone
Snakeroot – Actaea, Eupatorium rugosum
Snapdragon – Antirrhinum
Sneezeweed – Helenium
Snow-In-Summer – Cerastium
Snowdrop – Anemone
Snowy Tansy – Tanacetum niveum
Soapweed – Yucca glauca
Soapwort – Saponaria
Society Garlic – Tulbaghia
Solomon’s Seal – Polygonatum
Spanish Snapdragon – Antirrhinum h. s. roseum
Speedwell – Veronica
Spiderwort – Tradescantia
Spirea – Astilbe
Spurge – Euphorbia, Pachysandra
Standing Wine Cups – Callirhoe digitata
Starburst Ice Plant – Delosperma ‘Stardust’
Statice – Limonium, Goniolimon
St. John’s-Wort – Hypericum
Stoke’s Aster – Stokesia
Stonecrop – Sedum
Stork’s Bill – Erodium
Strawberry – Fragaria, Duchesnea
Sulphur Flower – Eriogonum umbellatum
Summer Solstice – Oenothera f. ‘Sonnenwende’
Sun Daisy – Osteospermum
Sundrop – Oenothera
Sunflower, perennial – Helianthus, Heliopsis
Sunray Flower – Inula ensifolia
Sun Rose – Helianthemum
Sunset Hyssop – Agastache rupestris
Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias incarnate
Sweet Autumn Clematis – C. terniflora (paniculata)
Sweet Coneflower – Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet Flag – Acorus calamus
Sweet Pea – Lathyrus
Sweet William – Dianthus
Sweet Woodruff – Galium odoratum
Texas Rose – Scutellaria suffrutescens
Threadleaf Bluestar – Amsonia ciliate
Thrift – Armeria
Thriller – Alchemilla mollis
Thyme – Thymus
Tickseed – Coreopsis
Tiger’s Jaws – Chasmatophyllum
Toadflax – Linaria
Toad Lily – Tricyrtis
Torch Lily – Kniphofia
Tree Mallow – Lavatera
Tritoma – Kniphofia
Trout Lily – Erythronium
Trumpet Creeper – Campsis
Tufted Ice Plant – Delosperma sphalmanthoides
Turk’s Cap – Lilium
Turtlehead – Chelone
Twinspur – Diascia
Valerian – Valeriana
Variegated Ground Ivy – Glechoma h. ‘Variegata’
Variegated Sweet Marjoram – Origanum m. ‘Variegata’
Variegated Yellow Rocket – Babrarea v. ‘Variegata’
Veil of Lace – Asparagus officinalis var. pseudoscaber
Venitian Sumac – Cotinus coggygria
Vervain – Verbena
Vesper Iris – Pardanthopsis dichotoma
Violet – Viola
Virginia Creeper – Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virgin’s Bower – Clematis virginiana
Wand Bloom – Penstemon ‘Blue Buckle’
White Bouquet – Tanacetum niveum
Wild Ginger – Asarum
Wild Oats – Uvularia sessilifolia
Wild Onion – Allium cernuum
Wild Petunia – Ruellia
Wils Quinine – Parthenium integrifolium
Wild Snowball – Ceanothus americanus
Willow – Salix Willowherb – Epilobium
Wine Cup – Callirhoe
Winter Fat – Krascheninnikovia lanata
Wintercreeper – Euonymus
Woodbine – Parthenocissus
Wood Poppy – Stylophorum
Wood Sunflower – Helianthus ‘Lemon Queen’
Woodwaxen – Genista
Wooly Thyme – Thymus p. ‘Pseudolanuginosus’
Wormwood – Artemisia
Woundwort – Stachys
Yarrow – Achillea
Yellow Archangel – Lamiastrum
Yellow Flag – Iris pseudacorus
Yellow Horned Poppy – Glaucium flavum ‘Extra’
Yellow Storksbill – Erodium chrysanthum


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