history of reliance


2 May 2011
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University of Hyderabad Communications Limited
Type Public
(NSE: RCOM, BSE: 532712)
Industry Telecommunications
Founded 2004
Headquarters Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Key people Anil Ambani
Satish Seth
Products Wireless
Data Cards
Recharge Vouchers
Revenue $4.774 billion (2010)[1]
Net income $1.061 billion (2010)[1]
Total assets $20.559 billion (2010)[1]
Total equity $9.776 billion (2010)[1]
Employees 30,974 (2010)[1]
Parent Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group
Subsidiaries Reliance Telecom Limited
Reliance Globalcom Limited
Reliance Tech Services
Reliance Communications Infrastructure Limited (RCIL)
Reliance Big TV Limited
Reliance Infratel Limited
Website Reliance Communications

Reliance Communications Limited (commonly called RCOM) is a major Indian telecommunication company headquartered in Navi Mumbai, India. It is the 16th largest operator in the world with more than 128 million subscribers. RCOM, founded by Dhirubhai H Ambani (1932–2002), is the flagship company of the Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group. The Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group currently has a net worth in excess of 64,000 crore (US$13.6 billion), cash flows of 13,000 crore ($2.8 billion), and a net profit of 8,400 crore ($1.8 billion). The Equity Shares of RCOM are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange Limited and National Stock Exchange Limited. The Global Depository Receipts and Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds are listed on Luxembourg Stock Exchange and Singapore Stock Exchange respectively.Contents [hide]
1 Background
2 Main subsidiaries
2.1 Reliance Telecommunication Limited (RTL)
2.2 Reliance Globalcom
2.3 Reliance Internet Data Center (RIDC)
2.4 Reliance Digital TV
3 Acquisition
4 Offices
5 3G and BWA
6 3G Coverage
7 Subscriber base
8 Competitors
9 2G Spectrum Scam Arrests and Chargesheets
10 References


It ranks among the top 5 telecommunications companies. Retrieved 2010-04-14. in the world by number of customers in a single country. Reliance Communications corporate clientele includes 2,100 Indian and multinational corporations, and over 800 global, regional and domestic carriers. The company has established a pan-India, next-generation, integrated (wireless and wireline), convergent (voice, data and video) digital network that is capable of supporting services spanning the entire communications value chain, covering over 24,000 towns and 600,000 villages. Reliance Communications owns and operates the next-generation IP-enabled connectivity infrastructure,[2] comprising over 190,000 kilometers of fiber optic cable systems in India, USA, Europe, Middle East and the Asia Pacific region.
Main subsidiaries
Reliance Telecommunication Limited (RTL)

In July 2007, the company announced it was buying US-based managed ethernet and application delivery services company Yipes Enterprise Services for a cash amount of 1200 crore (the equivalent of US$300 million). The deal was announced of the overseas acquisition, the Reliance group has amalgamated the United States-based Flag Telecom for $210 million (roughly 950 crore). RTL operates in Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Assam, Kolkata and Northeast, offering GSM services.[3]
Reliance Globalcom

RGL owns the worlds largest private undersea cable system,[4] spanning 65,000 km seamlessly integrated with Reliance Communications. Over 110,000 km of domestic optic fiber provides a robust Global Service Delivery Platform, connecting 40 key business markets in India, the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and the U.S.
Reliance Internet Data Center (RIDC)

RIDC provides Internet Data Center (IDC) services located in Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Chennai. Spread across 650,000 sq ft (60,000 m2) of hosting space, it offers IT infrastructure management services to large, medium and small enterprises. It is one of the leading data center service provider in India and provides services like colocation, managed server hosting, virtual private server and data security. It has launched cloud computing services,[5] offering product under its infrastructure as a server (Iaas) and software as a service (Saas) portfolio, which enables enterprises, mainly small and medium, a cost-effective IT infrastructure and application on pay-per-user model.
Reliance Digital TV
Main article: Big TV

Reliance Big Tv launched in August 2008[6] and thereafter acquired 1 million subscribers within 90 days of launch,[7] the fastest ramp-up ever achieved by any DTH operator in the world. Reliance Big TV offers its 1.7 million customers DVD-quality pictures on over 200 channels using MPEG-4 technology.
FLAG Telecom
Yipes ethernet service

Reliance Communications Limited has its offices in Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Patna and Pune.
3G and BWA

On 19 May 2010, the 3G spectrum auction in India ended. Reliance Communications paid 5864.29 crores for spectrum in 13 circles. The circles it will provide 3G in are Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kolkata, Madhya Pradesh, Mumbai, North East, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan and West Bengal.[8]

On 5 November 2010, RCom became the second private sector telecom company (fourth overall) to launch 3G services in India, with a 4 city launch in Chandigarh, Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai.[9]

On 11 June, 2010, the broadband wireless access (BWA) spectrum auction in India ended. However, RCom said that it exited the broadband wireless access (BWA) auction a week before, after auction prices significantly exceeded its business case estimates. They are planning to focus on broadband wireless through 3G-ready pan India CDMA. RCOM has 3G spectrum for 13 circles. RCOM also said that they prefer “LTE standard offering a single evolution path for both, CDMA & GSM networks”, and that the “WiMAX ecosystem has weakened after WiMAX operators like Clearwire and Yota moved to LTE”.[10]
3G Coverage

Reliance’s 3G service is currently available in the following cities in 13 telecom circles:
This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.Telecom Circle State/Region No. of Towns Cities/Towns
Assam Assam 0
Bihar Bihar 10 Arrah, Bhagalpur, Bihar Sharif, Chhapra, Gaya, Hajipur, Katihar, Muzaffarpur, Patna
Jharkhand 6 Bokaro, Chas, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur, Jharia, Ranchi
Delhi Delhi NCR N/A Delhi
Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh 13 Baddi, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Nalagarh, Palampur, Paonta Sahib, Shimla, Solan, Una
Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir 2 Jammu, Srinagar
Kolkata1 Kolkata1 1 Kolkata
Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh 0
Chhattisgarh 0
Mumbai2 Mumbai2 1
North East Arunachal Pradesh 0
Meghalaya 0
Manipur 0
Mizoram 0
Nagaland 0
Tripura 0
Orissa Orissa 3 Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Rourkela, 15 other cities (expected March 2011)
Punjab Punjab 6 Amritsar, Batinda, Chandigarh3, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala
Rajasthan Rajasthan 12 Ajmer, Alwar, Bhilwara, Bhiwadi, Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Pali, Pilani, Sri Ganganagar, Udaipur
West Bengal West Bengal4 1 Kharagpur

1Kolkata is a metro circle and is not included in West Bengal circle, even though it is a part of West Bengal state.
2Mumbai is a metro circle and is not included in Maharashtra circle, even though it is a part of Maharashtra state.
3Chandigarh falls under Punjab telecom circle. However, it is actually a union territory that serves as the capital of Punjab and Haryana.
4Excluding Kolkata.
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