The 12-hour bandh called by NDA and Left parties to protest the steep hike in fuel prices today disrupted normal life across the country.
Opposition parties have planned a national strike today in protest against the steepest petrol price rise in India's history, seeking to exploit popular anger with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's embattled coalition government.
Protests, marches and road blocks were planned across the country. The strike could reduce public transport and hit government offices, colleges, firms and industrial plants, but because it is not centrally organised its impact will differ from state to state.
"It will be a total shutdown across the country. It will be the biggest democratic protest the country has seen in a long time," said Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Prakash Javdekar.
Strike calls in India have had mixed results in the past, and it was not clear how many people would respond on the day. A strong turnout could indicate popular dissatisfaction with Dr Singh's two-term, Congress Party-led government.
The day of action - or "bandh" - called by the BJP and smaller left-wing parties is not a threat to the survival of Dr Singh's government, but it does underscore the difficulty he faces trying to implement unpopular economic reforms.
The backlash over the petrol price increase has already unnerved the government, prompting it to drop any immediate plans to raise the price of heavily subsidised diesel and kerosene, a move investors have been pushing for to narrow the budget deficit.
The coalition, weakened by a string of corruption scandals and infighting that has stymied reforms, faces mounting criticism over its management of the economy.
Investors and economists cheered its decision last week to allow state-controlled oil companies to increase petrol prices for the first time in six months, enabling them to recover some of the losses they had racked up due to higher oil prices and a plunging rupee.
But the roughly 11 per cent increase sparked public protests and some of the Congress party's coalition partners have tried to distance themselves from the decision.
Congress's second-biggest ally in Parliament, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), briefly threatened to quit the government yesterday if the increase was not trimmed, showing why decision-making is so hard in New Delhi.
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